Christianity thrived for centuries without any Bible—there was no official canon of scriptures, much less a book big enough to hold them all. Showing us how a single official text was created from the proliferation of different scripts, Timothy Beal traces its path as it became embraced as the word of God and the Book of books.
The Rise and Fall of the Bible: The Unexpected History of an Accidental Book #ad - In a lively journey from early christianity to the present, this book explores how a box of handwritten scrolls became the Bible, and how the multibillion-dollar business that has brought us Biblezines and Manga Bibles is selling down the Book’s sacred capital. . Congregations used various collections of scrolls and codices.
The farther we go back in the holy text’s history, the more versions we find. A professor of religion offers an “engrossing and excellent” look at how the Good Book has changed—and changed the world—through the ages Publishers Weekly, starred review.
The Voyage OutOpen Road Media #ad - Shy and introspective, rachel tentatively agrees, and soon finds herself on a voyage of liberation and self-discovery as she experiences the excitement and calamity of young love. . Dalloway E. M. Forster. With an appearance by clarissa dalloway—and a fateful encounter between her husband and Rachel—Virginia Woolf’s debut novel anticipates the groundbreaking brilliance of her later works while displaying all their wit, insight, and heartbreaking sensitivity.
Aboard her father’s cargo ship, her aunt and uncle, young Rachel Vinrace meets Helen and Ridley Ambrose, who invite her to join them at a South American resort for the winter. For all its tragic interest, the voyage Out is not low-keyed; it even has a slight buoyancy of tone, as if clear perception itself brought a continual zest to its writer.
The Voyage Out #ad - As poignant as anything in modern fiction”: An English girl comes of age on a journey to South America in this debut novel by the author of Mrs. Woolf has the diversity of power which makes the great writer of narrative. New republic this ebook has been professionally proofread to ensure accuracy and readability on all devices.
How the Bible Became HolyYale University Press #ad - We see how the world jesus was born into was largely biblically illiterate and how he knew very little about the texts upon which his apostles would base his spiritual leadership. Synthesizing an enormous body of scholarly work, Satlow’s groundbreaking study offers provocative new assertions about commonly accepted interpretations of biblical history as well as a unique window into how two of the world’s great faiths came into being.
The bible, satlow maintains, was not the consecrated book it is now until quite late in its history. He describes how elite scribes in the eighth and seventh centuries B. C. E. In israel, political machinations resulted in the Sadducees assigning legal power to the writings. Drawing on cutting-edge historical and archeological research, he traces the story of how, when, and why Jews and Christians gradually granted authority to texts that had long lay dormant in a dusty temple archive.
How the Bible Became Holy #ad - It was not until these were translated into Greek in Egypt in the second century B. C. E. However, that some jews began to see them as culturally authoritative, comparable to Homer’s works in contemporary Greek society. In this sweeping narrative, michael satlow tells the fascinating story of how an ancient collection of obscure Israelite writings became the founding texts of both Judaism and Christianity, considered holy by followers of each faith.
Heretics: The Creation of Christianity from the Gnostics to the Modern ChurchHoughton Mifflin Harcourt #ad - Today, all believers owe it to themselves to grapple with the questions raised by heresy. As the author traces the church’s attempts at enforcing orthodoxy, from the days of Constantine to the modern Catholic Church’s lingering conflicts, he argues that heresy—by forcing the Church to continually refine and impose its beliefs—actually helped Christianity to blossom into one of the world’s most formidable religions.
Can you be a christian without denouncing heretics? is it possible that new ideas challenging Church doctrine are destined to become as popular as Luther’s once-outrageous suggestions of clerical marriage and a priesthood of all believers? A delightfully readable and deeply learned new history, Heretics overturns our assumptions about the role of heresy in a faith that still shapes the world.
Heretics: The Creation of Christianity from the Gnostics to the Modern Church #ad - Among the world’s great religions, christianity has been uniquely rich in dissent, Wright argues—especially in its early days, when there was so little agreement among its adherents that one critic compared them to a marsh full of frogs croaking in discord. The new Yorker. From arius, to more successful heretics like martin Luther and John Calvin, a fourth-century Libyan cleric who doubted the very divinity of Christ, this book charts the history of dissent in the Christian Church.
A lively examination of the heretics who helped Christianity become the world’s most powerful religion. Wright emphasizes the ‘extraordinarily creative role’ that heresy has played in the evolution of Christianity by helping to ‘define, enliven, and complicate’ it in dialectical fashion.
How the Bible Became a Book: The Textualization of Ancient IsraelCambridge University Press #ad - This book provides rich insight into why these texts came to have authority as Scripture and explores why Ancient Israel, an oral culture, began to write literature, challenging the assertion that widespread literacy first arose in Greece during the fifth century BCE. As a result, the written Bible has dwelled in an historical vacuum.
Recent archaeological evidence and insights from linguistic anthropology, however, point to the earlier era of the late-Iron Age as the formative period for the writing of biblical literature. For the past two hundred years biblical scholars have increasingly assumed that the Hebrew Bible was largely written and edited in the Persian and Hellenistic periods.
How the Bible Became a Book: The Textualization of Ancient Israel #ad - How the bible became a book combines these recent archaeological discoveries in the Middle East with insights culled from the history of writing to address how the Bible first came to be written down and then became sacred Scripture.
A Shift in Time: How Historical Documents Reveal the Surprising Truth about JesusYucca Publishing #ad - A “bold and eye-opening” new theory about when christ lived, set out with “meticulous and clear” scholarship by the author of The Jesus Mystery Professor Robert Eisenman, author of The New Testament Code. Delving deeper, the author soon found that this twenty-year difference was precise and persistent throughout contemporary documents.
A Shift in Time: How Historical Documents Reveal the Surprising Truth about Jesus #ad - Did the writers of the new testament purposely shift the events of jesus’s life to a more peaceful time before the first century’s Jewish revolt? And for what purpose? Exploring the similarities between the two figures, their followings, including their renown, and historical events, this carefully considered volume posits that the true origin story of the Christian world may diverge from accepted scholarship.
An unnamed messianic figure written about by first-century historian Flavius Josephus bore a striking resemblance to the Jesus of New Testament accounts—but was active twenty years after Jesus died. While researching the historical Jesus, a Swedish scholar discovered a strangely consistent anomaly.
When Jesus Became God: The Struggle to Define Christianity during the Last Days of RomeMariner Books #ad - A panoramic view of early christianity as it developed against the backdrop of the Roman Empire of the fourth century” Publishers Weekly. Rubenstein takes the reader to the streets of the Roman Empire during the fourth century, when a fateful debate over the divinity of Jesus Christ is being fought. A splendidly dramatic story .
. . With thorough historical, and social research, religious, Rubenstein vividly recreates one of the most critical moments in the history of religion. Ruled by a christian emperor, followers of Jesus no longer fear for the survival of their monotheistic faith. The history of fervent debate, however, and bloody riots within the Christian community as it was coming into being, civil strife, is a side of ancient history rarely described.
When Jesus Became God: The Struggle to Define Christianity during the Last Days of Rome #ad - Rubenstein has turned one of the great fights of history into an engrossing story. Jack miles, the boston Globe; author of God: A Biography. The story of jesus is well known, as is the story of Christian persecutions during the Roman Empire. Athanasius, a brilliant and violent bishop, sees any diminution of Jesus’s godhead as the work of the devil.
Richard E. Arius, though holy, an Alexandrian priest and poet, preaches that Jesus, is less than God. Between them stands alexander, the powerful Bishop of Alexandria, who must find a resolution that will keep the empire united and the Christian faith alive.
Judas: The Most Hated Name In HistoryCounterpoint #ad - A compelling examination of how someone could become so notorious that their name would be synonymous with evil. The guardian. A straightforward biography that thankfully avoids preaching. Light-hearted in tone, anecdotal in style, Peter Stanford’s narrative introduces the reader to profound themes. Karen armstrong, new york times–bestselling author of A History of God “Fascinating from start to finish .
. . This thankless role fell to judas; should we in fact be grateful to him for his role in the divine drama of salvation? You’ll have to decide, ” as Bob Dylan sang in the sixties, “Whether Judas Iscariot had God on his side. An essential but doomed character in the passion narrative, Judas and the betrayal he symbolizes continue to play out in much larger cultural histories, speaking as he does to our deepest fears about friendship, and thus the entire story of Christianity, betrayal, and the problem of evil.
Judas: The Most Hated Name In History #ad - Readers curious about Judas’ broad effect on world history will welcome this book. Kirkus reviews in this fascinating historical and cultural biography, Peter Stanford deconstructs that most vilified of Bible characters: Judas Iscariot, who famously betrayed Jesus with a kiss. But as the author points out, and for there to have been a death, there has long been a counter-current of thought that suggests that Judas might in fact have been victim of a terrible injustice: central to Jesus’ mission was his death and resurrection, there had to be a betrayal.
Beginning with the gospel accounts, ultimately, Stanford explores two thousand years of cultural and theological history to investigate how the very name Judas came to be synonymous with betrayal and, human evil.
Gospel Truth: On the Trail of the Historical JesusOpen Road Media #ad - He compiles their research and ideas to create a composite biographical portrait of Yeshu, a man of ordinary beginnings who changed the world in extraordinary ways. The result will fascinate believers and nonbelievers alike. They make a fresh attempt to answer some of history’s greatest questions: who was he? Where did he live? What did he think? And was the Bible’s account true? In Gospel Truth, bestselling author Russell Shorto The Island at the Center of the World brings a journalist’s eye to the life of Jesus Christ.
A skillfully compiled biblical interpretation, Shorto shows “a Jesus stripped of the unhistorical” Library Journal. . Russell shorto meticulously investigates Christian history and the Bible’s New Testament to reveal the true, historical Jesus Christ. For roughly two thousand years, the world has known only the biblical depiction of Jesus: the virgin birth, miraculous life, and resurrection.
Gospel Truth: On the Trail of the Historical Jesus #ad - Recently, scholars have pursued the historical Jesus Christ by poring through texts, examining ancient documents, and even holding votes. Shorto looks into the jesus Seminar, where historians seek and analyze evidence of the world’s most famous carpenter’s son.
The Jewish Gospels: The Story of the Jewish ChristThe New Press #ad - Jesus and his followers, Boyarin shows, were simply Jewish. This provocative book will change the way we think of the Gospels in their Jewish context. John J. Collins, yale divinity school “it’s certainly noteworthy when one of the world’s leading Jewish scholars publishes a book about Jesus . . .
Jesus, was embraced by many jews as this person, moreover, and his core teachings were not at all a break from Jewish beliefs and teachings. Extremely stimulating. Daniel C. Peterson, the Deseret News . What came to be known as christianity came much later, as religious and political leaders sought to impose a new religious orthodoxy that was not present at the time of Jesus’s life.
The Jewish Gospels: The Story of the Jewish Christ #ad - Commenting on this startling discovery at the time, noted Talmud scholar Daniel Boyarin argued that “some Christians will find it shocking—a challenge to the uniqueness of their theology. Guiding us through a rich tapestry of new discoveries and ancient scriptures, The Jewish Gospels makes the powerful case that our conventional understandings of Jesus and of the origins of Christianity are wrong.
In the vein of elaine pagels’s the gnostic Gospels, here is a brilliant new work that will break open some of our culture’s most cherished assumptions. A brilliant and momentous book. Karen L.
A Literary Bible: An Original TranslationCounterpoint #ad - Now, rosenbergs artful translation restores what has been left aside: the essence of imaginative creation in the Bible. Whether rendering the bible as wondrous or as strangely familiar, David Rosenberg’s “brilliant” and “truly fresh” translation forces us to ask again—and at last in literary terms—why the Bible remains a crucial foundation of our culture Booklist.
In a literary bible, rosenberg presents for the first time a synthesis of the literary aspects of the Hebrew Bible—restoring a sense of the original authors and providing a literary revelation for the contemporary reader. A stunning new translation—“the best in a century, without a doubt”—of the Hebrew Bible that restores the creativity and poetry of the original text New Republic.
A Literary Bible: An Original Translation #ad - . His penetrating scholarship allows the reader to encounter inspired biblical prose and verse, and to experience each book as if it were written for our time. Rosenberg himself brings a finely tuned ear to the original text. Until today, translators have presented a homogeneous Bible in uniform style—even as the various books within it were written by different authors, in diverse genres and periods, stretching over many centuries.